United States » Leon Sinks - Wakulla Springs

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Rated 2.7/5 stars (263 ratings)

Overview Location & Specifics Conditions Resources Nearby Systems  
Portions of the following information were taken from Florida Geological Survey Bulletin 66.

Wakulla Spring is located in Wakulla Springs State Park about 20 miles south of Tallahassee. From the US 319 (Thomasville Road) exit on I-10 take Capital Circle (US 319) south 12.9 miles. Turn south (right) on US 319/SR 61 (Crawfordville Highway) and travel 1.9 miles. Bear left on SR 61 (Wakulla Springs Road) and go 7.6 miles to SR 267. Turn east (left) and park entrance is 0.1 miles on the south side of the road. The spring vent is located below the diving platform, northeast of the parking area.

Description - Wakulla Spring is one of the largest and most dramatic of Florida’s springs. The spring pool is roughly circular with a diameter of 315 ft north to south. The maximum pool depth is 185 ft. The vent opening is a horizontal ellipse along the south side of the pool bottom and is estimated to measure 50 ft by 82 ft. Along with a few smaller springs nearby, including Sally Ward Spring, Wakulla Spring gives rise to the clear Wakulla River. Water clarity of the spring in October 2001 was exceptional and the water was light blue. It should be noted that the water clarity of the spring varies dramatically in response to rainfall. Surface water entering the sinkholes that connect to the Wakulla Spring system greatly reduces the clarity. Exotic aquatic vegetation once covered much of the spring pool and adjacent river bottom, but divers have recently removed large amounts and herbicides have been used in efforts to control it. The Wakulla River remains choked with exotic invasive plants. Many other aquatic and emergent plant species also are present in the spring pool and river. A mixed hardwood, cabbage palm, and cypress forest inhabits lowlands along the north and east shores of the spring and along the river. Uplands along the western shore of the spring are developed into a state park lodge and facilities. Also, there are hardwoods and large loblolly pines scattered about. A major underwater cave system has been mapped at Wakulla Springs.

Utilization - Wakulla Spring is developed into a recreational and wildlife viewing area. The park has a lodge and restaurant. There are regular glass-bottomed riverboat and spring tours, and swimming is allowed in the southeast quadrant of the spring pool. The upper 3 miles of the Wakulla River is state-owned and is a protected wildlife sanctuary.
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Latitude: 30.234928
Longitude: -84.3032
Coordinate System:
Maximum Depth: 320'
 Cave Diving
 Cavern Diving
 Open Water Diving
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System Depth Cave Cavern OW Last Report Distance (mi)
 Overview Information Available for Cherokee Sink  Cherokee Sink 80 True True True 6/18/2023 1.5
   Harvey's Cave 280 True False False 10/13/2021 7.4
   Leon Sinks - Emerald Sink 180 True True False 8/9/2021 5.1
 Overview Information Available for Mcbrides Slough  Mcbride's Slough 90 True False False 6/22/2017 2
 Overview Information Available for Indian Springs  Indian Springs 110 True False False 10/20/2016 1.6
   Leon Sinks - Promise Sink True False False 6/15/2012 4.2
 Overview Information Available for Leon Sinks - Upper River Sink  Leon Sinks - Upper River Sink True False False 2/9/2012 3.9
   Leon Sinks - Whiskey Mill Sink 220 True False False 6/11/2011 3.5
   Leon Sinks - Go Between Sink True False False 1/19/2011 4.2
   Hatchet Sink True True False 4/9/2010 7.7
   Leon Sinks - Little Dismal 250 True False False 1/18/2010 6.1
   Leon Sinks - Big Dismal Sink 250 True False False 1/18/2010 6.3
   Leon Sinks - Gopher Hole True False False 1/18/2010 5.7
   Leon Sinks - Innisfree Sink True False False 12/5/2009 3.4
   Meeting House Sink True False False 2.9
 Overview Information Available for Chips Hole  Chip's Hole 120 True False False 4.5
   Ames Sink True False False 5.8
 Overview Information Available for Shepherd Spring  Shepherd Spring 180 True False False 7.6
   Leon Sinks - Sullivan Sink 225 True False False 6.1
 Overview Information Available for Sally Ward Spring  Sally Ward Spring 350 True False False 0.6
   Kelly Sink True False False 5.6
   Leon Sinks - Split Sink 45 True False False 5.2
   Leon Sinks - Turner Sink True False False 3.1
   Leon Sinks - Cheryl Sink 110 True True False 5.3
   Charcoal Sink True False False 7.4